There are various styles of referencing to get a student confused. The most popular styles are APA, MLA, and Harvard. Then there is this Vancouver style referencing that is commonly used in natural sciences and medicine. If you are also a student finding it difficult to cope up with the referencing styles, here are some quick tips.
An in-text citation is included in the body of your text. It gives information on identifying the sources from your reference list. Here is how you can cite in the text with referencing style:
· Place your citation after the relevant information. There is no rigid rule on the placement of citation before or after the punctuation. So you can use it wherever you like after the borrowed information.
· Number the references in the order they are mentioned. If any source is repeated, use the original number. You can also use a Vancouver referencing generator tool to understand better. For example, “…for both literature overviews (1-3)”.
· Avoid personal communication unless it is retrievable from a public source. Instead, cite the author's name and date within brackets in the text. For example, “… sufficient data became available, (John Doe, April 1, 2002)”.
· Keep your internet sources updated. Internet sources are subjected to change, so while citing, make sure that the journal or web page you refer to is perfectly updated. You can also use an oscola referencing generator to cite your references.
On The References Page
There is another way of referencing, and that is citing the sources on the reference page. A reference page makes your paper more acceptable as it provides supportive statements to your authorities.
· Dedicate a page for reference. It should be a single sheet and have double space between each reference.
· All the sources should be listed by consecutive numbers since the exact numbers will be used in the texts. You can also use a Harvard Swinburne referencing generator to provide a reference list at the end of the paper.
· Please list all the author names and their surnames in initials and separatethem with a comma. For example, John L, Polling K etc.
· Use capitals for the first letter of the first word in the title of the books or journals. Also, keep the rest of the terms in lower case. Abbreviate the edition of the book, if any, after the title of the book. For example, "Molecular diagnostics, 2nd ed.”
· For journal, there should be an entire page range given for the information. There is no need to provide a page range in the case of books. For example, Electronic journal (124-7). This means pages 124-127.
Your referencing style is primarily influenced by the discipline you are writing for. For example, at Deakin University, Harvard referencing tool is mainly used by students. This is because this style can be used across various disciplines. No matter what your referencing style is, these are the two ways by which you can cite a reference in your assignment.
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